Hernando County Florida needed to create a 3-D model of the City of Brooksville and turned to the Southwest Florida Water Management District office for help in getting the estimated building heights.
Because of LIDAR’s 3-dimensional qualities it is the perfect data source to extract building elevation information. This point cloud characteristic plus the building extraction tools in LP360 also serve to provide valuable input for floodplain analysis.
Our original LIDAR data did not have the buildings classified as our specification only required the following classifications:
1 – Unclassified
2 – Ground
9 – Water
11 – Wetlands and low confidence areas, as per FEMA
12 – Overlap
By using LP360 building filter and extraction tools we easily extracted the information that we needed:
1. We first used LP360 to automatically classify the building rooftops (Class 6). (Figure 1)
2. Using LP360 building extractor we constructed the roof polygons with a minimum area of 200 sq. ft. (Figure 2)
3. We visually inspected polygons between 200-800 sq. ft. to make sure that they were buildings rather than small sheds, dirt-floor structures, parked tractor-trailers, flat-topped shrubs, etc.
4. Then we used LP360 to find:
5. Then we looked at the difference between the highest and lowest ground elevation, and
We found a high correlation between the surveyed finished floor elevation and the average ground elevation around the dripline. With this information we were able to not only estimate mature building heights but we were also able to infer the finished floor heights using LP360’s building filter extractor. Using it as the best estimator for finished floor elevation, we can now add another level of detail to our floodplain analysis to determine not only if a property is located in the floodplain, but if the finished floor is in the floodplain as well.
The SWFWMD is one of five water management districts in Florida; we serve ~ 5,000,000 people in our 10,000 sq. mile service area. Our four-part mission is to ensure an adequate and safe water supply, provide flood protection, protect natural water systems and provide supportive data collection and analysis efforts.